Rosetta Stone Rediscovered – July 15-16, 1799
Discovered on this day, July 15 or 16, 1799 the Rosetta Stone, by one of Napoleons soldiers. It is a stele inscribed with three versions of a decree issued at Memphis, Egypt in 196 BC during the Ptolemaic dynasty, on behalf of King Ptolemy V Epiphanes. The top and middle texts are in Ancient Egyptian using hieroglyphic and demotic scripts, while the bottom is in Ancient Greek. The decree has only minor differences among the three versions, so the Rosetta Stone became key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs, thereby opening a window into ancient Egyptian history. It is now housed at the British Museum in London, UK.